Canada Facts




Source: Nations Online
Official Name:

ISO Country Code: ca

Actual Time:
Halifax, : Local Time = UTC -4h
Montreal, Toronto, Ottawa, Iqaluit: Local Time = UTC -5h
Winnipeg: Local Time = UTC -6h
Calgary, Yellowknife: Local Time = UTC -7h
Vancouver: Local Time = UTC -8h
Map of Canada’s time zone anomalies.

Country Calling Code: +1

Capital City: Ottawa (pop. 1 million)

Other Cities:
Toronto (4.5 million), Montreal (3.4 million), Vancouver (2.0 million), Calgary (1 million), Quebec (500.000)

Type: Confederation with parliamentary democracy.
Independence:1 July 1867 (from the UK).
Constitution: The amended British North America Act of 1867 patriated to Canada on
17 April 1982, Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and unwritten custom. (Constitution Act of 1982)

Location: Northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north.
Area: 9.9 million km² (3.8 million sq. mi.); second-largest country in the world.
Terrain: as vast as the country is, it offers many different landscapes, mountains, prairies, deserts, artic tundra, glaciers, valleys, foothills, rivers and lakes.

Climate: Varies from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in north.

Nationality: Noun and adjective–Canadian(s).
Population: 34.8 million (2012)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 34 444 (year)
Ethnic groups: British descent (28%), French descent (23%), Italian descent (3%), aboriginal peoples (2%), plus significant minorities of German, Ukrainian, Dutch, Greek, Polish and Chinese.
Religions: Religion: Catholic (45%), Protestant (36%) and minorities from most of the world’s major religions.
Languages: English 59.3% (official), French 23.2% (official), and 53 native languages.
Literacy: 97-99% of population aged 15 and over.

Natural resources: Iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, molybdenum, potash, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydropower.

Agriculture products: Wheat, barley, oilseed, tobacco, fruits, vegetables; dairy products; forest products; fish.

Industries: Transportation equipment, chemicals, processed and unprocessed minerals, food products; wood and paper products; fish products, petroleum and natural gas.

Currency: Canadian Dollar (CAD)

Canada in numbers
Canada key statistical figures.

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